On Tuesday, Botswana’s Court of Appeal began hearing a government attempt to overturn a landmark ruling that decriminalized homosexuality.
The country’s High Court in 2019 ruled in favor of campaigners seeking to strike down prison sentences for same-sex relationships, declaring them unconstitutional.
The judgment was hailed internationally as a major victory for gay rights in conservative Botswana.
But the government wants the ruling overturned because it believes that courts have no jurisdiction to decriminalize homosexuality.
“The court is not in a position to make such a finding,” Sidney Pilane appearing for the government said.
“This is a policy matter. This can only be assessed by parliament.”
Pilane bluntly told the court sitting in the capital Gaborone that “if gay rights were unconstitutional in the past they remain unconstitutional today”.
Under the southern African country’s 1965 penal code, homosexuality was punishable by a jail term of up to seven years.
But on 11 June 2019, High Court Judge Michael Elburu declared “the time has come that private, same sexuality must be decriminalized.”
Botswana is among a handful of countries in Africa, where social codes are often conservative, to have decriminalized homosexuality.
Others are Lesotho, Mozambique, Angola, and Seychelles.
South Africa is the sole nation on the African continent to allow gay marriage, which is legalized in 2006.
The Court of Appeal is expected to issue a ruling in a matter of weeks after it wraps up the hearing.
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